The beautiful island of Puerto Rico is made up typically of mountains with a coastal plain belt in the north. The mountains protrude out to the sea on the west coast, but there are sandy beaches along most of its coastline. Thus, making the island cooler than many other Caribbean islands due to the northeast trade winds, heavy rain falls, and the elevation of the island. The trade winds also bring in showers from the Atlantic, which makes the northern coast wetter than the southern section.

Puerto Rico’s climate is fairly constant throughout the year, with an average temperature of 76 degrees Fahrenheit. The only variations in weather can be found in the mountain areas, where the temperature changes between 66 and 76 degrees Fahrenheit, while the northern coast the temperature ranges from 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. There is no considerable variation between the wet or dry season, but August is the wettest month for the island.

The winds that come from east to west across Puerto Rico from the Atlantic mostly bring rains in the months of May to November. And depending on their strength and pace, these winds can produce little more than a few clouds to quite a few days of cloudy and rainy weather, with a chance of hurricanes. The northern slope of the divide also receives more rainfall than the southern slopes because their gradual rises to the peaks, which serves as a catchment area.

The winter months are from November to April and are prone to cold fronts that can sweep south across the continental United States. These cold fronts can bring rain, particularly to the northeastern part of the island. Apart from these two main rainfall courses, rain takes place as showers and thunderstorms, as the rainfall is lowest in the south and southwest parts of the island because of the mountain divide.

Puerto Rico may experience very mean temperatures in summer and winter months that may make you very uncomfortable. Although freezing temperatures are unknown to Puerto Rico many of its mountain areas experience temperatures in the 40s. Puerto Rico’s sea, land, and mountain breezes are fairly regular, which helps to keep temperatures all over this island at a comfortable level.